TERMINOLOGY

Blocks (Uke)

•Gedan Barai - Downward Block

•Soto Uke - Inward Forearm Block

•Uchi Uke - Outward Forearm Block

•Shuto Uke- Knife Hand Block

•Kakiwake Uke - Wedge Block

•Juji Uke - X Block

•Tate Shuto Uke - Vertical Knife Hand Block

•Morote Uke - Augmented Block

•Sukui Uke - Sweeping Block

•Age Uke - Upper Rising Block

•Ashikubi-Kake Uke - Ankle Hooking Block.

•Haishu Uke - Back Hand Block.

•Haito Uke - Ridge-hand Block.

•Haiwan Uke - Back Arm Block

•Kagi Uke - Hooking Block.

•Kaisho Uke - Open Hand Block

•Kake Uke - Hooking Block

•Nagashi Uke - Sweeping Block

•Nami Ashi - Inside Snapping Block.

 

Punches (Tsuki)

•Gyaku Zuki - Reverse Punch

•Oi Zuki - Lunge Punch

•Age Zuki - Rising Punch

•Kizami Zuki - Jabbing Punch

•Tate Zuki - Vertical Fist Punch

•Ura Zuki - Uppercut Punch

•Dan Zuki - Consecutive punching (same hand)

•Yama Zuki - U Punch

•Choku Zuki - Straight Punch

•Awase Zuki - Wide U Punch

•Heiko Zuki - Parallel Punch

•Ren Zuki - Alternate punching

•Kage Zuki - Hook Punch

•Sanbon Zuki - A series of three punches

•Ippon Ken - One Knuckle Fist

•Hiraken - Flat Fist or Fore knuckle fist

•Seiken - Fore fist, Regular Fist

•Morote Zuki - Augmented Punch

•Mawashi Zuki - Roundhouse Punch

 

Kicks (Keri)

•Mae Geri - Front Kick

•Yoko Geri Keage - Side Snap Kick

•Yoko Geri Kekomi - Side Thrust Kick

•Mawashi Geri - Roundhouse Kick

•Ushiro Geri - Back Kick

•Mikazuki Geri - Crescent Kick

•Ushiro Mawashi Geri - Reverse Roundhouse Kick

•Mae Tobi Geri - Front Jumping Kick

•Kakato Geri - Heel kick

•Hiza Geri - Knee Kick

•Ashi Gatana - Foot Sword

•Fumikomi Geri - Stamping kick

•Ashi Waza - All leg and foot techniques

•Nidan Geri - Double Kick

•Ren Geri - Consecutive Kicking

•Tsumasaki Geri - Kick using the tips of the toes

•Mae Geri Kekomi - Front Thrust Kick

•Keage - 'Kick Up'

•Mae Geri Keage - Front Snapping Kick

 

Strikes (Uchi)

•Seiken - Forefist

•Uraken - Backfist

•Tettsui - Hammer Fist

•Nukite - Spear Fist

•Haito - Ridge Hand

•Teisho - Palm Heel

•Haishu - Back Hand

•Shuto - Knife Hand

•Keito - Chicken Head Wrist

•Kakuto - Bent Wrist

 

Stances (Dachi)

•Heisoku Dachi - Informal Attention Stance

•Zenkutsu Dachi - Front Stance

•Hachiji Dachi - Open Leg Stance

•Heiko Dachi - Parallel Stance

•Shiko Dachi - Square Stance

•Kosa Dachi - Crossed Feet Stance

•Renoji Dachi - L Stance

•Kiba Dachi - Horse Riding Stance

•Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Stance

•Kokutsu Dachi - Back Stance

 

Smashes (Ate)

•Empi Ate - Elbow Smash

•Hiza Ate - Knee Smash

 

Parts of the Body (Karada)

•Ashi - Foot or Leg

•Ashikubi - Ankle

•Ashi Yubi - Toes

•Empi - Elbow (also called HIJI)

•Gan - Eye

•Haiwan - Back Arm

•Hiji - Elbow

•Hira Kote - Level Forearm

•Hiza - Knee or Lap

•Hizagashira - Knee Cap

•Kakato - Heel (of the foot)

•Kami - Hair

•Kansetsu - Joint

•Karada - Body, Physique

•Komekani - The temple area of the head

•Matsukaze - The side of the neck

•Sokko - Top Of The Foot

•Sokutei - Sole of Foot

•Zenshin - Whole (entire) Body

 

Kata (Forms)

•Taikyoku Shodan (Kihon) - Heavenly

•Heian Shodan - Peaceful Mind No.1

•Heian Nidan - Peaceful Mind No. 2

•Heian Sandan - Peaceful Mind No. 3

•Heian Yondan - Peaceful Mind No. 4

•Heian Godan - Peaceful Mind No. 5

•Tekki Shodan - Iron Horseman No. 1

•Tekki Nidan - Iron Horseman No. 2

•Tekki Sandan - Iron Horseman No. 3

•Bassai Dai - Storm the Fortress (major)

•Bassai Sho - Storm the Fortress (minor)

•Jion - Named after the temple

•Jiin - Named after the saint

•Jitte - Ten Hands

•Enpi - Flying Swallow

•Kanku Sho - View the Sky (major)

•Kanku Dai - View the Sky (minor)

•Gojushiho Sho - 54 Steps (minor)

•Gojushiho Dai - 54 Steps (major)

•Gankaku - Crane on a rock

•Meikyo - Mirror of the soul

•Unsu - Cloud Hands

•Hangetsu - Half Moon

•Wankan - Crown of a king

•Chinte - Incredible Hands

•Sochin - Preserve Peace

•Nijushiho - 24 Steps

 

Directional

•Age - Upper

•Barai - Sweeping

•Chudan - Middle

•Gedan - Lower

•Gyaku - Reverse

•Hanmi - Side Facing

•Hidari - Left

•Jodan - Upper/High

•Kage - Hook

•Mae - Forward

•Mawashi - Round

•Migi - Right

•Otoshi - Downward

•Tate - Vertical/Upward

•Tobi - Jump

•Ushiro - Backward

•Yoko - Sideways

 

Other Terms

•Chudan - Middle

•Jodan - Upper

•Dojo - Place of training

•Sempai - Senior

•Sensei - Teacher

•Shihan - Master

•Tai Sabaki - Body Shifting

•Kime - Focus

•Kiai - Shout used to help Ki and Physical Power

•Ki - Spirit, Inner Power

•Obi - Belt

•Mawate - Turn

•Bushido - The way of the warrior

•Budo - Martial way or path

•Gi - Karate Uniform

•Jiyu kumite - Free sparring

•Karateka - practitioner or student

•Kamae - Fighting stance; on guard

•Kata - Fixed sequence of training exercises

•Nage-waza - Throwing techniques

•Rei - Command to bow

•Shomen Ni Rei - Bow to the front

•Sanbon Kumite - Three step sparring

•Jiyu Ippon - Semi free one step sparring

•Gohon kumite - Five step sparring

•Yoi - Ready command

•Enoy - Relax

•Yame - relax command

•Kietsuke - Attention